ኢት-ኢኮኖሚ /ET- ECONOMY

ክፍል ሦስት

(METEC MILLIONERS IN THE NAME OF BRIBE-VITAIZATION)  /ለሜቴክ የሙስና አጣሪ ኮሚቴ የተላከ

አባት ጅብ ከሁለት ልጆቹ ጋር ሆኖ አንድ ወደል አህያ አግኝተው አባትየው ብቻውን አህያውን በለና በአካባቢው ሰዎች ተከበቡ ይባላል፡፡ አባት ጅብ ዱላው ሲበዛበት ልጆቹ እንዲያግዙት እተጣራ ተማፀነ፡፡

ልጄ ማንሾለላ፣

ምን ሰጠህኝ ከአንድ ጆሮ ሌላ!

ልጄ መዝሩጥ፣

እንደበላህ እሩጥ! አሉት ይባላል፡፡ ‹‹ማነሺ ባለሣምንት!!!››

 (8) ሜቴክ ኢትዩጵያ ኤሌትሪክ ኃይል ድርጅት፣ ጋር የአናሎግ ኤሌትሪክ ሜትርን በአዲስ ፈጣን አውቶማቲክ ዲጂታል የኤሌትሪክ ሜትር (የኤሌትሪክ ቆጣሪው የኃይል ፍጆታውንና ዋጋ ተምኖ ለድርጅቱ የሚያሳውቅ ) ለመስራት የ9 ቢሊዩን ብር ኮንትራት ሥራ ለመስራት ተስማምቶ መስራት ስላቃተው ጨረታው ተሰርዞል፡፡ ከኢትዩጵያ ኤሌትሪክ ኃይል ድርጅት ከህንድ ካንፓኒ ጋር በ27 ሚሊዩን ዶላር ሥራውን በኮንትራት ሠጥቶል፡፡

As part of its expansion, the Corporation has also agreed to replace the electric meters operated by the Ethiopian Electric Power Corporation. The project is valued at nine billion birr and is expected to replace electric meters with new ‘smart’ meters. The new ‘smart’ digital meters are expected to automatically register electric consumption and report back to EEPCo without requiring manual reading like the analog meters currently being used. However, MetEC has failed to deliver the commitment it owes to EEPCo.

As a result, the latter had to make an urgent and alternative deal with an Indian company. This also cost EEPCo more than USD 27 million foreign exchange. Hence, critics claim that these transformers could have been done by other local companies if MetEC hadn’t muscled them down.It is to be remembered that the Ethiopian Electric Power Corporation is requiring all factories in Ethiopia to install devices that guarantee efficient use of power. The Metal and Engineering Corporation has snatched the responsibility to produce the devices known as power factor correctors. The efficiency devices will be made available to all factories eventually on a one-year interest-free credit arrangement, according to EEPCo Officials.The efficiency devices are expected to adjust the difference between real power and apparent power in the use of electricity to a ratio of one. However, still, private companies face sort of a setback from the device being manufactured by MetEC, which forces them to pay the electric bill, including the power leakage due to inefficient power meter.
(8)The increasingly fragile Ethio-Djibouti railway line has temporarily halted the service stretching from Dire Dawa to Djibouti, The Reporter has learnt. Continue read→THE ETHIOPIA OBSERVATORY

Archive | metal and engineering corporation (MEtEC) Dispute with MEtEC halts existing railway service operations: Why is MEtEC stone in everyone’s shoe?

(9)Metec to buy 10 industries from Asia, Monday, 03 June 2013:-Metal and Engineering Corporation (MetEc), a state-owned enterprise is in the process of acquiring ten metal and metal-related industries from Asia. The corporation, which is involved in several mega governmental projects, is establishing large metal industries in the country, developing a range of plants in the mechanical sector, to help boost the country’s development.  Sources at the corporation told Capital that MetEc is scheduled to establish several metal industries that shall feed major metal projects the corporation is engaged in. The corporation is currently in the process of purchasing 10 metal and metal-related industries already set up abroad and will arrange for their transfer to Ethiopia in order to set them up in the different regions in the country. According to these sources, corporation officials have been negotiating and making deals for nearly a year to buy up the above-mentioned industries in Asia for relocation. And even though the deals haven’t been finalised yet, it was indicated that MetEc plans to buy and relocate ten industries from China and India. According to experts, while these industries have been manufacturing products for the past several years in their respective countries, the corporation made the decision to purchase and transfer them here, because it would be less costly than establishing similar new industries. Our sources explained that the metal factories included in the purchase shall mainly be engaged in the production of metal spare parts, bolts and nuts and the likes. MetEc is scheduled to undertake crucial projects in the coming years as part of the five-year Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP) and has secured a huge budget to expand its capacity in terms of quality and quantity of production. The corporation has hence become one of the major government corporations spending billions of birr on different new and expansion projects.

(10) Defense’s MetEC gives delicious 1st class contract to MIDROC, Ethiopia’s tyre monopoly 26 Jun  

When the newly-invigorated parliament after the death of Meles Zenawi pointed out the weaknesses and bad practices of the Ethiopian Investments and Privatization Agency, its Director-General Beyene Gebremeskel, whose agency has been known as MIDORC’s buddy, was the first to protest, as reported by the Reporter. Whose interests should the country serve, some powerful politicians or that of corporate suck up? It is time Ethiopia stopped to carefully think how it should best serve its interests as a nation and the interests of its people! It is time to shake off corrupt senior officials facilitating from within corrupt practices that with every passing year is pulling down Ethiopia into becoming a failed state! Signed market and technical assistance agreement with MetEC Horizon Addis Tyre is to produce 22 different sizes tyres for the various vehicles the Metal and Engineering Corporation (MetEC) produces. Horizon Addis, the sole manufacturer of tyres in the country, has been supplying a limited amount of tyres for the market and has not been able to cope with the public’s demand in the last 40 years. This company has today a new market and will also receive technical assistance from its latest customer, according to the cooperation agreement it signed with MetEC on June 18. …Horizon is planning to produce tyres in 22 different sizes in the current fiscal year. According to the General Manager, all these sizes are presently imported from abroad. He said this move is a manifestation of Horizon’s commitment to the nation.

‹‹In 2011, the company was again renamed; this time to Horizon Addis Tyre when Horizon Plantation Plc, owned by the Ethiopian-born Saudi billionaire, Sheik Mohammed Hussein Ali Al Amoudi, took over the shares of Matador. Twenty nine percent of Horizon is still owned by the government. Established in 2010 by the Council of Ministers, MetEC is a governmental institution set up to realize the government’s Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP) and accelerate the ongoing transition of the country into industrialization. The corporation comprises 15 semi-autonomous, and integrated manufacturing companies that are operating in more than nine different sectors.››

Source: Capital New Tyres Skid Into the Market,Al-Amoudi’s Horizon Acquires Matador-ATC’s 69pc for 18m

(11) ሜቴክ የፖላንድ የትራክተር ፋብሪካን ለመገጣጠም 1500 ትራክተሮች ገጣጥሞ ወደውጭ በመላክ 90 ሚሊዮን ዶላር ውል ተፈራረመ  ይላል፡፡  

Ethiopia: MetEC to Assemble Polish Tractors, September 26, 2014

Based on a knocked-down export agreement concluded between Ethiopian Metals and Engineering Corporation MetEC  and Ursus SA, Polish agriculture equipment producer, MetEC  is prepared to take delivery of the first 1,500 tractors from the latter. The Ethiopian Metals and Engineering Corporation (MetEC) is prepared to receive the delivery of the first of 1500 polish tractors produced by the oldest polish agricultural equipment brand, Ursus SA, based on a knocked-down export contract worth USD 90 million signed exactly a year ago.
(12) ሜቴክ በአዲስአበባ ከተማ 116 ተንቀሳቃሽ መፀዳጃ/ሽንት ቤቶች ለአዲስአበባ የውሃና ፍሳሽ አገልግሎት ባለስልጣን ኮንትራት ተሰጥቶታል፡፡  የአንዱ መፀዳጃ/ ሽንት ቤት መቶ ሽህ ብር  ወጭ እንደሚሰራ ተገምቶል፡፡

Ethiopia: MetEC to Deliver 116 Mobile Toilets to Addis Ababa,September 24, 2014

MetEC is going to deliver 116 three square meter mobile toilets to the Addis Ababa Water and Sewarage Authority (AAWSA). The mobile toilets costed near 100,000 Birr each.

(13) ህብረት ማኑፋክቸሪንግና የማሸን ግንባታ ኢንደስትሪ በ350 ሚሊዩን ብር ወጭ የመኪና የፍሬን ሸራ በአምስት ወራቶች ውስጥ ገንብቶ ለማስረከብ ተስማምቶል፡፡

Ethiopia: Break Rubber Factory to Start Production in Five Months,September 19, 2014

Ethiopia’s first break rubber factory, Hibret Manufacturing and Machinery Fabrication, which cost 350 Million Birr is going to start production in five months time.

(14) ሜቴክ አባይ ወንዝና አብዬት የተባሉትን የኢትዮጵያ መርከቦች ከኢትዮጵያ ሺፒንግ ላይን በመግዛት ወደ ዱባይ መርከቦቹ ከተጠገኑ በኃላ እንደሚሸጡ ጀነራል ክንፈ ዳኘው አስታውቀው ነበር፡፡  

The Metal and Engineering Corporation (MetEc) is going to sell back the two vessels, ‘Abay Wonz’ and ‘Abyot’, that it bought last year to use as scrap metal from the Ethiopian Shipping and Logistics Service Enterprise (ESLSE). Brigadier  General Kinfe Dagnew, Director General of MetEc, told Capital that the corporation changed its plans after experts confirmed that the vessels are still operable. “Now we are planning to sell the vessels after repairing them,” he said. Kinfe said that the corporation has sent the two vessels to Dubai, UAE for repair works. “Repair on one of the two vessels have already been completed,” the general said. He also indicated that local and international crew have already been hired to operate the vessels. MetEc initially planned to use the vessels to transport its own cargo before using them as scrap metal. These plans had to be abandoned, as Ethiopian law does not allow any other ship operator as the ESLSE is the sole entity that can own and operate ships. MetEc, which is involved in a number of large government projects, is also busy establishing ten metal factories around the country, which it is in the process of relocating the factories it bought from Asia.
ማጠቃለያ፤

የመንግስት ልማት ድርጅቶች ተቆጣጣሪ ኤጀንሲ አማካኝነት ወደ ብረታ ብረትና ኢንጂነሪንግ ኮርፖሬሽን ያለአንዳች ብር ክፍያ የተዘዋወሩ ንብረቶችና የህዝብ ኃብት ዘረፋን በቀላሉ መረዳት ይቻላል፡፡ በዚህም ምክንያት በኢትዬጵያ የተካሄደው የፕራይቬታይዜሽን ሽግግር  የብዙ የሰው ሃይል (ሠራተኞች) ቅነሳን ያሰከተለ፣ ምርታማነትን የቀነሰ፣ ተጨማሪ ኢንቨስትመንትን ያልጨመረ፣መሆኑ በጥልቅ ጥናቶች ተረጋግጦል፡፡የብረታ ብረትና ኢንጂነሪንግ ኮርፖሬሽን ውድቀትና የወደፊት እጣ ፈንታ ወደግሉ ዘርፍ ዳግም ፕራይቬታይዜሽን መደረግ ሳይታለም የተፈታ ነው፡፡

በኢትዬጵያ ኢህአዲግ ዘመን የመንግስት ልማት ድርጅቶች ተቆጣጣሪ ኤጀንሲ ባለፈው 20 አመታት 365 መንግስታዊ ድርጅቶች ወደ ግል ዘርፍ አዘዋውሮል፡፡ከ1996 ዓ.ም እስከ 2006 ዓ/ም እኢአ ድረስ ከመንግስት ወደግል ዘርፍ ንብረትነት ካዘዋወራቸው ወይም ከሸጣቸው የመንግስት ልማት ድርጅቶች 18.3 ቢሊዩን ብር  ገቢ ቢገኝም ከሽያጩ ሲሰበሰብ አራት ቢሊዩን ብር እንዳልተሰበሰበ በጊዜው ተገልፆ ነበር፡፡ ኤጀንሲው ድክመት ዋነኛዎቹ አብይ ምክንያቶች፡-

የፕራይቬታይዜሽን መመሪያና የአፈፃፀም ዕቅድ ከኢትዬጵያ ምልዓተ-ህዝብ ለውይይት ያልቀረበ፣በተቃዋሚ ፓርቲዎችም እይታ ያልተዳሰሰ፣በምሁራኖች ጥናት በአመዛኙ በህዝቡ እንብዛም አይታወቅም፡፡ በዚህም ምክንያት  የመንግስት ልማት ድርጅቶች ተቆጣጣሪ ኤጀንሲ በተዘጋው በር በስተጀርባ የፕራይቬታይዜሽን ዕቅድና አፈፃፀም ይከናወናል፡፡ በዚህም ምክንያት በአንዳንድ የኤጀንሲው ሠራተኞች ፍላጎት ላይ የተመሰረተ ግልፅነት በሌለው መልኩ፣በአድሎና፣በሙስና ወዘተ የሚከወኑ የሽያጭ ተግባሮች መኖራቸው ከተሰበሰበው፣  ያልተሰበሰበው የህዝብ ሃብት ዋነኛ ማስረጃ ነው፡፡ በቅርቡም ለሜድሮክ የተሸጡት የቲፒ የመንግስት የቡና እርሻዎች ከህግ ውጭ የተከናወነና በሙስና  እንደሆነ ሠራተኞቹ ይመሰክራሉ፡፡ የሜድሮክ የቢዝነስ ሞኖፖሊ፣የመሬት ሞኖፖሊ ሼኩን የህዝብ ዕንባ እንደሚቀስፈው ወላጅ እናቱ የነገሩትን ቃል እረሳ፣ ገንዘብ አሰከረው ህሊናው ደነበሸ፣ ይሄ ሁሉ ህዝብ የሚሰደደው ከሃገሩ ሰርቶ ለመኖር ስላቃተው መሆኑን አልተረዱም፡፡በ2014እኤአ፣ለሜድሮክ እህት ካንፓኒ ለሆሪዘን ፕላንቴሽን ፒኤልሲ( HORIZON Plantations PLC) የላይኛው አዋሽ አግሮ ኢንደስትሪ( Upper Awash Agro-Industry)በ860 ሚሊዩን ብር፣ ቡና ማደራጃና ማከማቻ(Coffee Processing & Warehouse Enterprise) በ228.2 ሚሊዩን ብር፣ ጎጀብ እርሻ ልማት( Gojeb Farm)35.1 ሚሊዩን ብር፣በአጠቃላይ የሜድሮክ ባለቤት ሼክ አላሙዲና የፕራይቬታይዜሽን ኃላፊ በየነ ገብረመስቀል 1 ቢሊዩን 123 ሚሊዩን ብር የህዝብ ንብረቶቹን ለሼክ አላሙዲ ሸጠዋል፡፡የሜድሮክ ሞኖፖሊን በኢትዩጵያ ወደፊት ምን ያስከትል ይሆን!!! የመንግስት ልማት ድርጅቶች ተቆጣጣሪ ኤጀንሲ በህወሃት/ ኢህአዴግ መንግስት ለብረታ ብረትና ኢንጂነሪንግ ኮርፖሬሽን (ብኢኮ)፣ለኢፈርትና ለሜድሮክ ካንፓኒዎች በየግዜው የሚያስረክበው የኢትዬጵያ ህዝብ አንጡራ ንብረቶች ነገ ይመለሳሉ፡፡ የኢህአዲግ መንግስት  የቴሌኮምኒኬሽን አገልግሎት(ሞባይል) ወደ ግሉ ዘርፍ አላዘዋውርም ነገር ግን፣  የለገደንቢ የወርቅ ማዕድንን ለአላሙዲን በመሸጥ የሲሶ መንግስትነቱን በ1997 ዓ/ም ምርጫ አረጋግጦል፡፡

A good example is the controversial privatization of the Lega Dembi Gold mine in August 1998 that landed with a single investor and was sold for $172 million to MIDROC Gold Co. which is 98% owned by Al-Amoudi. The government of Ethiopia owns a minority stake of 2 percent. Since MIDROC acquired the Sidamo province mine in 1998, to date the price of 1 troy ounce of gold has increased by 36.4 % . US government geological survey estimates the remaining life of the gold mines to be at 13 years. According to World Bulletin, last fiscal year Ethiopia earned over $456 millionfrom gold export. http://www.worldbulletin.net/todays-news/142600/ethiopia-earns-456-million-from-gold-exports >>

According to a WikiLeaks US Embassy Cable on 01/11/2008 to the US Treasury, “While the vast majority of enterprises in terms of numbers– 233 of 254 — have been either sold to employees in a Management/Employee Buyout (MEBO) arrangement or purchased by individual Ethiopians, these are mostly small shops and hotels. In dollar terms, nearly 60 percent of enterprises have been awarded to Al Amoudi relatedcompanies.”https://www.wikileaks.org/plusd/cables/08ADDISABABA82_a.html

Privatization and its challenges in Ethiopia…By Ezana Kebede, August 19, 2014

የመንግስት ልማት ድርጅቶች ተቆጣጣሪ ኤጀንሲ የሐማሬሳ የምግብ ዘይት ፋብሪካ 50 ሚሊዩን ብር ተሸጠ ኢትዩ-ኤሽያን ኢንደስትሪስ ለተባለው ኩባንያ ጥቅምት 30 2007 እኢአ ተሸጦል፡፡  ሐማሬሳ የምግብ ዘይት ፋብሪካ በ1983ዓም በአክሲዩን ማህበርነት እንዲዋቀር በተደረገበት ወቅት 81 ሚሊዩን ብር በተከፈለ ካፒታል ስራ መጀመሩን ፕራይቬታይዜሽን ኤጀንሲ መረጃዎች ይጠቁማሉ፡፡የ31ሚሊዩን ብር ቅናሽ የመሸጡ ሚስጢር ምን ይሆን!!!

ወደ ግሉ ዘርፍ ንብረትነትና ባለቤትነትን የተዘዋወሩት ድርጅቶች የነበራቸው የሰው ሃይል ብዛት ወደ ግል ዘርፍ ከተዘዋወረ በኃላ ያለው የሰው ሃይል ቁጥር ለህዝብና ለጋዜጠኞች  በየግዜው መገለፅ አለበት፡፡ የፕራይቬታይዜሽን ዋና ዓላማዎች  ስራ ፈጠራ፣ምርታማነትን መጨመርና የገቢ ምንጭ በማዳበር የሃገራችንን ልማት ማፋጠን ናቸው፡፡ከዚህ አካEያ በኢትዬጵያ ፕራይቬታይዜሽን ወደ ብራይቬታይዜሽን መሸጋገሩ እሙን ሆኖል፡፡ በኢትጵያ የቴሌኮምኒኬሽን አገልግሎት (ሞባይል)፣የሬዲዬና የቴሌቨዝን  አገልግሎቶች፣ባንኮች፣ኢንሹራንስና ፋይናንሻል ኮርፖሬሽኖች ፣የመርከብ ዕቃን የማገEገE¹ አገልግሎት ፣የአየር መንገድ፣ የአውሮፕላን ማረፊያ፣ከመንግስት ዘርፍ ወደ ግሉ ዘርፍ ንብረትነት የሚዘዋወሩት መቼ ነው፡፡ የመሬት ሃብት ከኢህአዲግ መንግስት ንብረትነትና የኮንዶሚኒየም የቤቶች ግንባታ፣ ከመንግስት ዘርፍ ወደ ግሉ ዘርፍ ንብረትነት የሚዘዋወሩት መቼ ነው፡፡ተቃዋሚ ፓርቲዎች፣ ጋዜጠኞች ምሁራን ተጨማሪ ጥናቶች በማድረግ ለህዝብ ማሳወቅ የዜግነት ግዴታና ሃላፊነት አለባቸው፡፡

በመከላከያ ሚኒስትር ስር የሚገኘው የብረታ ብረትና ኢንጂነሪንግ ኮርፖሬሽን ሲጀምር ከአስራሁለት እስከ አስራ አምስት የሚደርሱ የተለያዩ ከደርግ/ወታደራዊው መንግስት በተወረሱ ፋብሪካዎችን ሥራ የጀመረ ድርጅት ነው፡፡ ሜቴክ በ2010 እኤአ በአስር ቢሊዩን (10,000,000,000)ብር መነሻ ካፒታል የተመሠረተ ድርጅት ነው ይሉናል፡፡ በአሁኑ ግዜ በህወሃት/ኢህአዴግ መንግስት  ዘመን   ከስባ አምስት እስከ መቶ ፋብሪካዎች በላይ ያሰባሰበ  ድርጅት ለመሆን ችሎል፡፡የመንግስት ልማት ድርጅቶች ተቆጣጣሪ ኤጀንሲ ከታች የተዘረዘሩትን ድርጅቶች እንዴት ለሜቴክ አስተላለፈ በሽያጭ፣ በወለድ አግድ፣ በስጦታ በሙስና እንደሆነ የህወሃትና የኤጀንሲው ሹማምንት የነበሩት ሁሉ ለኢትዩጵያ ህዝብ መግለፅ ታሪካዊ ግዴታ አለባቸው አንድ ቀን ለህዝብ ፍርድ መቅረባችሁ አይቀርም፡፡  የአቃቂ መሠረታዊ ብረታ ብረት ኢንደስትሪ (Akaki Basic Metals Industry (ABMI) የተከፈለ ካፒታሉ( Paid-up Capital) 142,298,000  የኢትዩጵያ ብር ወይም 8,345,924 ዩኤስ ዶላር እንደነበር የመንግስት ልማት ድርጅቶች ተቆጣጣሪ ኤጀንሲ በድረ-ገፅ አስታውቆ፣ ለሜቴክ በነፃ ያለጨረታ አበረከቱለት፡፡የሌሎቹ በደርግ ዘመን የተወረሱ ፋብሪካዎች የደጀን አቨየሽን ኢንጂነሪንግ ኮምፕሌክስ፣የጋፋት ኢንጂነሪንግ ፋብሪካ፣የናዝሬት የትራክተር መገጣጠሚያ ፋብሪካ፣ የናዝሬት የልብስና ጨርቃ ጨርቅ ኢንደስትሪ ፣የብሸፍቱ አውቶሞቲቨ ኢንደስትሪ ፣ የኢትዩጵያ ፕላስቲክ ኢንደስትሪ፣ህብረት ማኑፋክቸሪንግና የማሸን ግንባታ ኢንደስትሪ ፣ ሆሚቾ የጦር መሣሪያ ኢንጅነሪንግ ኢንደስትሪ፣የብረት ፋብሪኬሽን ኢንደስትሪና ኤሌትሪክ ኃይል ኢንጅነሪንግ ኢንደስትሪ የተከፈለ ካፒታል ሳይገለፅ በስውር ለሜቴክ ተበረከቱ፡፡ ሜቴክ የፋብሪካዎቹን  ስማቸውን በመቀየር በአስር ቢሊዩን ብር የተቆቆመ ድርጅት ለመባል በቃ!!!  የመንግስት ልማት ድርጅቶች ተቆጣጣሪ ኤጀንሲ ዴሬክተር ጀነራል ከአሰፋ አብርሃ እስከ በየነ ገብረመስቀል ያላችሁ ከላይ የተዘረዘሩት ካንፓኒዎች ለሜቴክ እንዴት እንደተላለፉ መግለጫ ቢሰጡበት የስልጣን ወንበራቸውን ይቆረቁራቸው ይሆን፣አንድ ቀን ያስጠይቃል፣ ህሊናን በግዜው ይጠቀሙበት!!! 

Reference Websites

  1. Ethiopia celebrates its first solar panel PV-Tech, www.pv-tech.org/…/ethiopia_celebrates_its_first_solar_

29 Jan 2013 … Project developer SKY Energy International and Metals Engineering … are celebrating the fabrication of the first solar panel in Ethiopia.

  1. The Grand Renaissance Hydroelectric Project – Power Technology, www.power-technology.com/…/the-grand-renaissance-hydroelectric

The project is located around 750km northwest of the Ethiopian capital Addis …
increasing the current electricity generation capacity of Ethiopia by four times. …
Metals & Engineering Corporation (METEC) of Ethiopia is responsible for the …

  1. The Grand Renaissance Dam – Ethiopia’s greatest risk – Power …, www.power-technology.com/…/featuregrand-renaissance-dam-ethiopia- greatest-risk/

25 Feb 2013 … Ethiopian dams could dry up the lakeIn April 2011 Ethiopia unveiled its … Power Technology Market & Customer Insight Log In · Request Demo · About … will boost Ethiopia’s economy by enabling it to export energy all throughout Africa. … Power Corporation contracted the military-run Metals & Engineering …

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‎ Ethiopia’s BMEI policy framework: (1) PASDEP II – trade and … from ore, scrap
and conversion of billet, slab etc. into primary metal products … Strategy: sector
and technology. ▫ Mid-term …. Higher Education, Energy, Mineral Resources…

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‎ Critical Metals in Strategic Energy Technologies. 5 … bottleneck to the
deployment of low-carbon energy technologies. …… African producing countries
are Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda and
Uganda.

  1. Ethiopia’s Metals and Engineering Corporation to Receive Solar …, sodere.com/…/ethiopia-s-metals-and-engineering-corporation-to-receive-solar -as

‎12 Apr 2012 … Ethiopia’s Metals and Engineering Corporation to Receive Solar Assembly Line
… Spire Corporation is a diversified company serving the solar energy, …
products and services based upon a common technology platform.

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‎ 7 Dec 2012 … $600m contract awarded for Ethiopian steel plant development … that offered us
high-quality European technology with a Chinese price,” says Al-Amoudi. …
including manufacturing, agriculture, energy, mining, tourism  nd …

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‎ The South African parliament’s portfolio energy committee has requested the
legislature to ratify a … Standard Bank to use Watson technology for South Africa

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11.http:://www.ppesa.gov.et/